How to Prevent Colds and Flu during rainy seasons

Here are top five cold and flu fighting tips for rainy seasons served hot for you:

1. Keep Clean

Good hygiene is important in reducing the duration of a cold and flu. It also helps to prevent them from spreading to others. Be sure to cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing and wash your hands regularly.

2. Stay Hydrated

Remaining hydrated is key, particularly when you feel the onset of a cold or flu. Drink plenty of water throughout its duration. Water is great for temperature regulation and reducing congestion.

3. Keep Moving

Exercise may be beneficial to break up congestion. However, it is important to listen to your body and exercise at a low to moderate level. Do not exercise if you have symptoms such as a cough, fever or muscle aches. If you have any pre-existing heart conditions or lung conditions such as asthma, avoid exercise. Be sure to seek personalized medical advice from a health professional before exercising when unwell.

4. Sleep Well

Sleep is important for a healthy immune system. Aim to reach 8 hours of quality sleep each night. If unwell, aim for more. Listen to your body to meet its demands. Good sleep patterns decrease your chances of catching a cold, as well as assisting in the recovery. If you're having trouble sleeping due to congestion, try taking a warm shower before bed, and using a humidifier to add moisture to the air.

5. Treat it Right

Treat your cold symptomatically. Cold and flu can be caused by either bacteria or virus. A viral cold or flu can’t treated with antibiotics. If your symptoms consist of fever, sore throat, or congestion, seek medical advice from your pharmacist or doctor.

Here are some popular cold and flu medicines in the Philippines:

Super Supplements for body boost this rainy season

Meet the health aisle’s hottest sidekicks, the extra support that can give your body a boost and help you have your best rainy season ever.

TURMERIC

Turmeric is a golden colored Indian spice, which has been used in curries for thousands of years. However, the popularity of this spice has been rising due to the discovery of its powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and antioxidant effects. While researchers haven’t yet determined how much we need to consume to achieve health benefits, turmeric shows promise in helping to reduce our risk of conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, heart disease and cancer.

FIBER

The average adult needs 2535 grams of fiber each day to maintain a healthy digestive system. Unfortunately, many people are no longer meeting their fiber requirements. In addition to assisting with healthy digestion, fiber has also been found to assist with glucose regulation, weight loss, and achieving healthy cholesterol levels in some people.

PROBIOTICS

Our gut contains approximately 100 trillion microorganisms, such as bacteria, yeasts and fungi, some of which are beneficial for our health, and of course, some of which can make us sick. Probiotics are live good bacteria, which can be taken to improve the balance of good bacteria in our body. They can be found in foods such as yoghurt, kombucha, and sauerkraut, but can also be consumed as a powder or capsule. Increasing our body’s balance of good bacteria has been found to improve digestion, prevent disease, and boost immunity.

MATCHA

Matcha tea is a young, delicate tealeaf, which is high in antioxidants, amino acids, and chlorophyll. One of the best-known amino acids in matcha is L-theanine, which is believed to assist with relaxation. Matcha also contains approximately three times more catechins than green tea. Catechins are a compound, which helps to increase thermogenesis, and may assist with weight loss.

CRANBERRY

Cranberries are rich in flavonoids, which are a type of antioxidant that may help to reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. However, cranberries (and high dose cranberry supplements in particular), are best known for helping to prevent urinary tract infections. Cranberries contain a powerful compound called proanthocyanidin, which interferes with the ability of bacteria to adhere to the bladder wall, therefore reducing your risk of infection.

MAGNESIUM

Magnesium is a mineral, which our body needs in minute quantities to perform a range of functions including, strengthen bones, assist with muscle function, and maintain fluid balance. It’s found in a variety of foods, so true deficiency is rare. However, magnesium supplements have been found to be beneficial for people who experience cramps and those who are malnourished. Additionally, new research suggests that magnesium may be beneficial for treating tinnitus.

How to take care of your eyes?

Losing your vision as you get older is unavoidable. Any sudden loss of vision should be investigated urgently, but there are causes of gradual vision loss, which need to be taken cared of.

A sure sign of getting older is that you wish your arms were longer so that you could focus on the fine print. This condition, called presbyopia, is caused by loss of flexibility of the lens in your eye, affecting your ability to focus on objects close to you. The usual way of dealing with this is to wear prescription glasses for reading and close work, but there are some surgical procedures, such as replacement of the lens with an artificial multifocal lens.

Know your eyes

Your eyes are a complex organ, made up of different parts.



Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)

You may experience blurred or distorted central vision, difficulty reading or driving, or reduction in color perception. A combined supplement containing zinc, copper, vitamin C, vitamin E, lutein, and zeaxanthin may be prescribed. ARMD is described medically as “wet” or “dry” type. Wet ARMD can be treated with injections of Lucentis directly into the eye, or laser procedures to prevent progression of the disease.

There are a number of other age-related eye conditions, which can cause your vision to decline. Some of these are treatable, so don’t just accept that it is an inevitable part of ageing.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the leading cause of preventable blindness. It is a condition, which leads to increased fluid pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve. Risk increases if you have a family history. One in eight people will develop glaucoma, but half of the people with glaucoma in Australia do not know they have it, so regular testing is essential, as you get older. Glaucoma can be controlled with eye drops and may need laser surgery.

Cataracts

Cataracts are opaque areas in the lens of your eye. The risk increases if you smoke; you have diabetes or take cortisone medication in the long-term. Lenses affected by cataracts can be removed and replaced with artificial lenses.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is the damage caused to the retina by poorly managed diabetes. Only 50 per cent of Australians with diabetes have a regular eye examination. Careful management of diabetes with monitoring of blood sugar levels and eye health, diet, exercise and prescribed medication is important in the prevention of vision loss.

Dry eye syndrome

As you get older, your eyes can produce fewer tears. It’s particularly common in women after menopause It may be a side-effect of some medications. Dry eye syndrome causes a tired, scratchy, stinging, or irritated feeling. It can also result in intermittent blurring of vision. It’s not possible to “cure” this condition but it can be managed with drops or gels to replace tear production.

Looking after your eyes

  1. Avoid injury. If your work or sporting activity involves potential injury to your eyes, take eye protection seriously and wear protective glasses or goggles (as pictured above).
  2. Wear sunglasses when you are outdoors to give you protection against damage to your eyes caused by ultraviolet radiation from sun and reflected glare.
  3. Don’t smoke. Smoking increases the risk of many eye diseases, such as ARMD.
  4. Check your blood pressure and make lifestyle changes or take prescribed medication to keep your blood pressure in the normal range.
  5. Have eye checks regularly as part of your general health checks, especially as you get older and if you have conditions such as glaucoma or diabetes in the family. You can see an optometrist for eye checks. If you have existing eye disease or you are at high risk, you should see an ophthalmologist (a medical eye specialist). You can make an appointment with an optometrist directly, or your GP can refer you to an ophthalmologist.

The good vision diet

  •  Choose low-fat foods. If you have high cholesterol, work on getting it down.
  • A higher intake of foods rich in certain carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin, which give plants their orange, red or yellow color) may lower the risk of developing advanced or exudative (wet) macular degeneration. Foods rich in carotenoids include egg yolk, kiwifruit, zucchini, spinach, peas, honeydew melon, Brussels sprouts, green beans, apples, corn, grapes, pumpkin, capsicum, cucumber, orange juice, celery, green onions, broccoli and mango.
  • A high intake of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids can reduce the incidence of cataract and adequate protein in your diet helps to reduce the risk of one type of cataract.

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This blog is called Ritchel Tips.